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MARK-UP OF WRITTEN WORK

 

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Whether your work was submitted as a computer file or in paper form, you will find my comments throughout the text. Computer files have comments inserted in the text itself, whereas work on paper has comments in the margin. Because there is less space for comments in the margin of a piece of paper than in a computer file where space is automatically created, the former will usually have to be in the form of abbreviations. Below is a guide to the most common comments and what they mean. The abbreviations used on paper are given at the end of each entry.

 

1. Meaning?

This is to say that the meaning of a sentence, or sequence of sentences, is not clear. This is generally considered the most serious type of mistake, as it interferes heavily with communication. It is usually due to more than just the choice of one wrong word (which will normally be marked as a Word mistake). On paper: ?

 

 

2. Add word

There is a word missing. This could be e.g. the definite article in "*he was born in Add wordUSA" or any other word that is necessary to form an idiomatic expression. On paper: Add.

 

3. Adjective

A mistake involving an adjective could be where a word belonging to a different part of speech has been used instead of an adjective, such as: "*they sounded happilyAdjective"; or where there’s a mistake regarding the use of an adjective, such as "*my computer is more betterAdjective than yours". On paper: Adj.

 

4. Agreement

Lack of agreement - sometimes also referred to as concord - between subject and verb, is exemplified by: "*They hasAgreement not arrived yet". A particular problem is often caused by pronouns ending in -some or body, all of which are singular. Thus, the following is incorrect: "*Everybody knowAgreement that". On paper: Agr.

 

5. Article

Problems with articles include the difficulty of distinguishing between the two forms of the indefinite article, a and an: "*She is aArticle excellent student"; also, there is the problem of when to use and when not to use the definite article: "*I like to be in theArticle nature" On paper: Art. (This mistake will sometimes be marked up as Add word or Delete, as the case may be).

 

6. Adverb

Usually this comment will refer to a failure to use an adverb when that part of speech is called for, such as in: "*They fought very braveAdverb to the end". On paper: Adv.

 

 

7. Delete

The word in question is unnecessary and should be deleted, e.g. in "* On paper: Del.

 

8. Idiom

An idiom is a group of words of whose meaning cannot be predicted from the meaning of each individual word in the group. Idioms usually cannot be translated word by word from one language to another. Example: "* I’m as fresh as a fish"Idiom

 

9. Inflection

Inflection means changing the grammatical function of a word, usually by modifying it or adding suffixes ( e.g. -ed or -ing in verbs, -s in the plural of nouns, etc.). An example of a mistake that would be marked up this way, is when the ing-form of a verb is used when the simple tense is appropriate. On paper: Infl.

 

 

10. It/there

The Norwegian word "det" in constructions like "Det er 29 elever i klassen" or "Det er lenge til jul" needs to be translated differently depending on the meaning or function of "det". Since this is an example of two different functions being filled by the same word in Norwegian, but not in English, this is a trap for Norwegian students: "*It isIt/there 29 students in class". On paper: i-t

 

11.Paragraph

This comment may mean either that you have started a new paragraph when there is no good reason for doing so, or that you have failed to start a new paragraph when you should have. On paper: Par.

 

12. Punctuation

Marks failure to punctuate correctly; may mean absence of punctuation mark that is required, or use of e.g a comma where a period would be better, or use of a punctuation mark that is superfluous. On paper: Punct.

 

13. Preposition

Marks the use of a wrong preposition. On paper: Prep.

 

14. Pronoun

Marks the use of a wrong pronoun. This includes the use of pronouns in the wrong form, e.g.: "*This is not theirsPronoun car". On paper: Pron.

 

15. Sing/Plur?

Marks the use of a singular form where a plural form, or vice versa, e.g.: "This is one the best bookSing/Plur? I have ever read." On paper: Sg-pl.

 

16. Spelling

Spelling mistake. On paper: Sp.

 

17. Syntax

Means the syntax of the passage in question is garbled and needs to be straightened out. This is usually a question of more than just a couple of words switching places (which will be marked up as a Word order mistake). On paper: Syntax.

 

18Verb tense

Wrong verb tense used. One of the most common mistakes is to switch between past and present tense for no particular reason, sometimes even within one and the same sentence: "*Someone rang the doorbell but when I goVerb tense to check, there was no one there". On paper: Tense.

 

19. Word

The wrong word was used, or the word used is not the best one in the context. On paper: Word

 

20. Word order

Wrong word order. Very often this will be a case of Norwegian word order being used in a direct translation, e.g.: "Now am IWord order almost done". On paper: WO.

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Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diem nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut lacreet dolore magna aliguam erat volutpat. Ut wisis enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tution ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi. Duis autem dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit au gue duis dolore te feugat nulla facilisi.

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diem nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut lacreet dolore magna aliguam erat volutpat. Ut wisis enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tution ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi.

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Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diem nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut lacreet dolore magna aliguam erat volutpat. Ut wisis enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tution ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi. Duis autem dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit au gue duis dolore te feugat nulla facilisi.
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Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diem nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut lacreet dolore magna aliguam erat volutpat. Ut wisis enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tution ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis te feugifacilisi.